Category Archives: PANIC ATTACKS


A panic attack is a sudden feeling very strong fear or extreme inconvenience and discomfort that is most often described as a feeling that something terrible has happened – we have a feeling that we will die, lose control, crash or go crazy.

The attacks usually do not last longer than half an hour but within a few minutes reach the pinnacle. However, the subjective feeling is that they last forever. Sometimes we find it difficult to imagine that an attack never end. Not surprisingly, they expect death from exhaustion so strong and long-term panic.

During the attack experience: shortness of breath or difficulty breathing, rapid heartbeat and / or skipping heart “, dizzy, dizzy, dizzy,” rubber legs “, numbness, Mark, loss of touch sensitivity in the fingers, hands or feet, shortness of breath, sweating, tremors, heat, cold, nausea, anxiety, blurred vision, feeling that things around us are not real or that we have changed, the feeling that we can not think / talk normally, the fear that we will die / fall / lose control of himself / mad / behave abnormally …

People usually have only some of these symptoms, and it does not necessarily have to be the same every time.

When the attack happens most often trying to escape from the situation, the place where the attack took place in the hope of attack to stop. Often escape home and feel better as soon as we get there. This we later create the impression that the house is the only safe place. Or, ask her family and friends to keep (if we happen to “real” fall, mad or has a heart attack), you are always with us, or to follow us when we go somewhere.

Although more than 90% of people do not understand themselves to explain why the attack occurred, panic attacks occur rarely completely out of the blue. Detailed analysis almost always reveals that the first panic attack occurred at a time of increased stress, when we were physically exhausted, sick, in constant quarrels at work or at home, when we feel that we can no longer endure the pressure and efforts. Often the first attack occurs a few days or weeks after birth, the period of mourning after the loss of a loved one, after the divorce, in a state of hangover, during withdrawal from alcohol or drugs, and the like. When we feel satisfied, safe, relaxed, and when we are not exposed to great stress, panic attacks are rare. Gestalt parlance, panic attacks occur when for some new movement that is in front of us do not have enough support in the current mechanisms, and we still have not built a new mechanism. As if we are facing a precipice to be skipped where just look at the abyss provokes fear. We do not have the strength to skip to the next level thread we have an idea how to bridge the gap. During psychotherapy person strengthens their ego and their support systems for the “leap”.

In order to avoid panic attacks it is necessary that they match our tendency to panic reaction and set of circumstances. This means, without proper preferences (which can be inherited and learned), certain circumstances will not have the power to cause a panic attack.

After the initial panic attack most people go to the doctor for a checkup. This review usually includes ECG, after which the doctor concluded that our heart healthy, sometimes adding “it is your nerves” (whatever that means). Doctors usually do not provide an explanation of what this means, maybe they do not know or do not know how to explain, but some of us shy instructions psychologist. When we accept the psychological explanation or the idea that it is not a bad heart but fear this is a panic attack, it usually occurs fear of future attacks or “fear of fear”, with regular zaokupljensot idea to attack from happening again.

To be diagnosed with panic disorder should be ruled out the existence of a physical illness. Of course, if there is such a disease, preference is given to its treatment. The most common physical illnesses that can lead to symptoms of fear and panic attacks are: thyroid disease, cardiac arrhythmias, some forms of epilepsy, diseases of the lungs and airways disease center of balance, hypoglycemia …

Panic attacks usually begin in the third decade of life (although this is not necessarily so), which is understandable because it is the period of life when the person expects a lot, when she expected from herself a lot, in terms of professional and family affirmation, and sometimes her lack of capacity or support to meet all these expectations. The attacks are more common in women, it can also be caused by the demands that lie ahead woman in contemporary society (obligations to the family, the need for professional affirmation, and occasional disturbances of balance between certain hormones).

Why is it important panic attacks seriously?

Because when panic attacks become panic disorder then there is no sphere of life that do not seem negative, especially if coupled with some mental problems.

Individuals experiencing frequent panic attacks themselves as weak or incompetent, undermines their self-confidence, are more likely to be increasingly dependent on their surroundings, especially from partners. They are expected to issue “resolved” like any other, is often thought to overstate, exaggerate the problem and the like. Preoccupation problem leads to communication with friends becomes a one-way, people like that no more of other things to talk about and constantly looks for support and understanding. Sometimes because of shame, fear and uncertainty leads to withdrawal from socijanih contacts that had previously existed. Working ability is also reduced (especially when there is agoraphobia) because the person has difficulty in itself goes to work, at work can experience seizures or afraid of them. In Strahil he would not be able to maintain concentration, losing their jobs and others will not be able to find.

Finally, a person who suffers from panic attacks feels isolated and lonely and have no one to share his concern and problem. This isolation has resulted in the belief that only they suffer from this problem, but they, as a rule is easier if they hear that they are not “the only in the world”. In these situations of great help may be connecting psychotherapy group.

Some data suggest that almost every fourth person in their lifetime had a panic attack and that it did not know. If this was an isolated attack, it is forgotten. Even a few isolated attacks. However, there are people who are silent and endure in spite of frequent attacks and intense “fear of fear” that they disturb the life. Their life has changed so much that it can no longer perform daily activities and responsibilities. Then you can already speak of panic disorder.

Panic attacks have what the medical language called “positive outlook”. This means that the vast majority of people can achieve a condition in which the symptoms disappeared or were expressed in a minimal way, so that the person does not obstruct the normal functioning in everyday life. Of course, it is important to emphasize that ‘instant’ treatment of psychological problems, including panic attacks, exists only in bad movies and the stories boastful therapists. Patience, upotnost and willingness people to change are the key factors of successful healing. Every symptom has its function in the defense of our being. While not build a new, better and more effective way to bridge the gap with the beginning of the story, they are there to protect us since the ravine. And for this izgrađvanje certainly takes time. What further slows healing and resistance to treatment, which is manifested in different ways.

No matter how bad experience panic attacks this condition is known and may, paradoxically, provide a sense of personal safety because this is a condition in which a person is accustomed. There may be a fear of freedom that occurred when a person would have no attacks. Also, customers often have unrealistic expectations of treatment which the momentum from the media promoting the idea of a simple and quick solution.

The treatment has a better prognosis if the customer accepts an active role in the treatment of meaning – to set aside time to be patient, to understand the therapy seriously, to invest the effort to foster the motivation to succeed, not to succumb to the temptation to “abandon” of all, be prepared to reconsider their previous ways of thinking, behavior and reactions (which often made no pleasant).

If you are not sure you have a panic disorder and / or agoraphobia, here are a few questions you can ask yourself how you would explain.