Tag Archives: Bosnia

Anniversary Cazin uprising: The only organized uproar of the people against the authorities in Tito’s Yugoslavia

On 6 May 1950 the Cazin Krajina, in 20-odd villages and hamlets of Cazin and Kladuša district and neighboring villages across the river Korana in Kordun, there was only one, in the history of recorded, organized an armed rebellion against the peoples of the government in the former Yugoslavia.


The rebels have attacked several agricultural cooperatives and disarmed a police station, and other major adverse consequences for the country was not. But the government is led by the Communist Party of Yugoslavia authorities and the Directorate of State Security (aka. UDBE) characterized the rebellion of the nation as a counterrevolutionary act of large-scale and encouraged from abroad, domestic action greenberetks, Ustashe and Chetniks. However, such accusations were quite unfounded and never proven, especially since we were the leaders of the Buna campaigners and prominent partisans: Milan and Christmas Ale Covic, who stood by it and most famous people among the peasants and people who they believed.

In the “uprising” was attended by about 1,000 people. From that very small number of Orthodox, and the vast majority of the rest were Muslims.

The rebellion by the superior forces of the JNA soon stifled, and the “people’s government” vehemently charged with the rebels. At least some 15 people were killed without trial on the doorstep or in the nearby forests, and some of them have still not known grave. About 20 rebels were sentenced to death. He was later pardoned them something, and six of them were shot. Dozens of them were sentenced to long prison sentences, even more to the sentence “community service”, a period of several months up to 2 or more years.

Collective punishment eviction

What is particularly interesting is the fact that about 115 families with about 777 members, condemned the “collective punishment” – the eviction, which is an unprecedented case of such sanctions for the whole period of communist rule throughout Yugoslavia.

Although for that there was no statutory and legal basis, nor is the existing legislation Federal Republic of Yugoslavia did some regulation would provide for criminal punishment “collective relocation” of entire families, after a trial of these 115 families, mostly Muslims with a total of 777 members (including women, children and the elderly) collectively were evicted from the area of Cazin and Kladusa municipality (where he lived for over 90% Muslim population) to the municipality significant name – Srbac (where he lived for over 90% of the Orthodox Serbian population).

This measure of collective eviction, where the minor children were punished for “sins” of their fathers was otherwise only comparable with similar “criminal actions” of Stalin in the USSR directed against entire nations, such as Chechens, Crimean Tatars and others., which are collectively expelled from their homes and relocated to other locations, and some on that occasion and completely disappeared.

Cazin rebellion strongly marked the lives of many local families, ordered uncertain and difficult economic development of this region and caused a series of problems that have many families and their descendants had to carry through life.

Buna was taboo until 1991, when it saw the light of day book “Cazin rebellion in 1950” by Vera Kržišnik Bukić, which is elaborated in detail in this event. This book, promoted just 16 years after its release, had its second edition of “Cazinska own well from truth to justice” and in the opinion of experts, Vera Kržišnik-Bukić compiled a concise scientific work in which are gathered all the facts related to this event.

“It was a social revolt to existential extremes exploited peasants who rose up against the hated and unjust totalitarian agricultural policy of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia and its even more rigid implementation on the ground. It was a time in intolerant burden that is already poor farmers imposed by the state in the form of disproportionate big benefits of agricultural and livestock products through mandatory redemption at the same time forcing them to work for the planned needs in the mines, construction of roads and other through the so-called. the mobilization of the workforce when and how this country should have. Then, especially from 1949 onwards, forcing farmers to are included in the peasant producer cooperatives, which are accounted for them grab their own property, and with all that 1950 was also the year of the big barn and is still popularly known as the “hungry years”, she said in a short interview for Klix.ba Kržišnik-Bukić.

Today and in the Krajina rebels openly story, but it still hides many undiscovered things and specificity, given the consequences and suffering caused by this event, which dates back to the present generation Krajisnik.

The Municipal Council of Cazin in 2011 passed a resolution condemning the massive violations of human rights of the civilian population in the Cazin Krajina in 1950 and crimes committed by the totalitarian regime of the former Yugoslavia. Resolution 2013 was confirmed by the Assembly of USC, and the same was provided and more instances of the state.

No man’s land

For one, the war in Bosnia and Herzegovina was a “war for national state”, “the war of Yugoslav succession,” “War of the media,” “war for the defense of Serbs; the creation of the state, but also to preserve themselves, their families , homes and factories, “” civil-religious war “,” civil-ethnic-religious war “,” secessionist war “,” war to intimidate Muslims in European countries “,” the war for Serbian exit to the Adriatic “,” war the Serb view of the Bay and Karlobag, “” war to justify the existence of the Atlantic Pact, “” war whose flare encouraged Americans statements of its officials on non-interference and who have completed also the Americans their own, ie. the intervention of NATO, “and so on.
For others, however, for its ideological roots, it was “a war whose outbreak has largely contributed to the distorted ‘historical consciousness’ of all three nations, formed largely from ignorance, silence and falsifying historical facts,” “War of which all ideological forefathers long ago already dead: Ante Starcevic ,Ante Pavelic, ,Garasanin, ,Moljevic and Mihajlovic “,” war prepared for decades in school, because they were required reading, but for Serbs and Montenegrins and others: ‘the Mountain wreath’ which encourages Holocaust against Muslims (which Njegos called ‘converts to Islam’), ‘Home uprising against the Dahi’ which encourages aggression against Bosnia and “Bridge on the Drina ‘Kiyomi is encouraged hatred of Bosniaks (Muslims), (them Andric, who, according to his own recognition of writing corrupted books’, called ‘Turks underturks’), “” war of the big culprits are many writers textbooks and many teachers Serbian and Montenegrin national literature and history “,” warfare devised by some famous writers, the high priests and historians, that they instigated some politicians, priests and journalists, whose commencement ordered two politicians, who were led by serbian and Croatian military and paramilitary, police and parapolice in which they are all committed together one great crime “,” war is the expression and the defeat of the serbian and Montenegrin national culture is. those toxic their segments, “” genocidal aggression ‘countries of love’ (in which many brought up to love to hate) against ‘country of hatred’ (as they are Bosniaks hated to hate), “” war Bosnian Serbs and Croats out of fear of democracy, “” war whose cruelty and sustainability have contributed to the ignorance, arrogance, efforts to re-Islamization of Bosniaks, kroatofilija and sympathy for the Iranian theocratic counterrevolution one influential part of the leadership of the Party of democratic action, “and so on.

Also, for the latter, by its nature, it was: “Greater war of conquest,” “Greater Serbia and Greater conquest and extermination war”, “war is hidden aggression of Serbia, Montenegro and Croatian anti internationally recognized Bosnia and Herzegovina by the facilitate the introduction of political pluralism and political organization mainly on the basis of nationality “,” war is a combination of external and internal aggression against the Serbs and Croats of Bosnia and Herzegovina for the purpose of its division between the Serbian and Croatian and destruction of the Bosniak Muslim people “,” the war against Bosnian ‘Turks’ in by the great responsibility borne by some Serbs and Montenegrins with Turkish surnames, “” war for independence of Bosnia and Herzegovina “,” inter-state war, “” attacking and extermination war “,” war between Serbs and Croats to create their own national state and the war Bosniaks to preserve civil state “,” the war that was not genocide but an attempt of the Holocaust against Bosniaks “,” third war in which Belgrade has pushed the Bosnian Orthodox that through their bodies hold of Bosnia “,” war in which Serbs, Montenegrins took the lead after they had been skillfully quarrel with Croats and Bosniaks, “” the craziest, stupidest and bloodiest war ever waged, “” combination of attacking war and internal revolt “,” war whose objectives were ‘ethnic cleansing’ and building nationally homogeneous state. “

According to its results and consequences, however, it was “a war that ended without a winner and no losers”, “War in which Bosniaks what the Soviets were in World War II – moral, political and military victors, but with assistance to the West and the huge own casualties and suffering and material losses “,” war that we get we – Serbs “,” the war in which we won me – Croats, “” war that led to the triumph of the ideas of Radovan Karadzic: Arm yourself secretly, attack suddenly cut off the majority of people and then hold a referendum and hundreds of democratic elections! “,” war that Jasenovac and Auschwitz and Srebrenica added, “” a war in which the Serbs had won themselves – their contempt for international law and morality, “” war whose greatest victims of Bosniaks (Muslims), the Croatian Serbs, Tutsi and Russians “,” war in which more Serbian civilian casualties fell by Serbian than from Bosniak hands, “” a war in which there is a huge disparity in the number of civilian casualties as before First of all, due to differences in ideologies, systems of values and objectives of the war, and in a very small extent, the difference in fire power, “” war of which are the result of two Nazi creations: the Republic of Serbian and Herceg Bosna “,” the war that led to the second great migration of Croats , the fourth great migration of Serbs and ninth great migration of Muslims “,” the war that led to the first great migration of Muslims in the northwest while all previously in the south-east “,” a war that was not the expression ‘clash of civilizations’ but a crash in the European civilization between the holders of the worst and one better in its history and tradition, “” war who was attempting to Serbian and Croatian to the selective konskripciju and mass perished rid of their criminal sediment, and who returns as a boomerang multiplied as psihopatologizacije, Barbarisation and criminalization large segments of the society “,” the war that has shown the limitations of military power of Western Europe and the military supremacy of America, “” a war that proved the necessity of the existence of the Atlantic Pact, “” war in which the Croats lost the sympathy of the Islamic world “,” a war in which Serbs and Montenegrins much contributed to the psychological confrontation between the 250 million Orthodox Christians and a billion and 250 million Muslims “,” war that, thanks to television, deeply engraved in the ‘historical memory’ of the whole human race, and especially the Islamic world “,” the war that brought fear of retaliation in many Christian communities all over the Islamic world “and so on.
And, finally, in its epilogue, it was a “war whose culprits should be punished as follows: war profiteers arrest the killers of innocent hanged, and monsters (ideologues and commanders) to close the laboratory for study”, “war will be end, essential and definitely, when all war criminals be punished, destroyers build everything they crashed, when it paid compensation for killed and maimed civilians and when the main culprits from the ranks of the Serbian and Montenegrin intellectual, ecclesiastical, political and military elite go to Srebrenica, and the Croatian political and military elite in Mostar, kneel and ask for forgiveness from the Bosniak Muslim people. “