On 6 May 1950 the Cazin Krajina, in 20-odd villages and hamlets of Cazin and Kladuša district and neighboring villages across the river Korana in Kordun, there was only one, in the history of recorded, organized an armed rebellion against the peoples of the government in the former Yugoslavia.
The rebels have attacked several agricultural cooperatives and disarmed a police station, and other major adverse consequences for the country was not. But the government is led by the Communist Party of Yugoslavia authorities and the Directorate of State Security (aka. UDBE) characterized the rebellion of the nation as a counterrevolutionary act of large-scale and encouraged from abroad, domestic action greenberetks, Ustashe and Chetniks. However, such accusations were quite unfounded and never proven, especially since we were the leaders of the Buna campaigners and prominent partisans: Milan and Christmas Ale Covic, who stood by it and most famous people among the peasants and people who they believed.
In the “uprising” was attended by about 1,000 people. From that very small number of Orthodox, and the vast majority of the rest were Muslims.
The rebellion by the superior forces of the JNA soon stifled, and the “people’s government” vehemently charged with the rebels. At least some 15 people were killed without trial on the doorstep or in the nearby forests, and some of them have still not known grave. About 20 rebels were sentenced to death. He was later pardoned them something, and six of them were shot. Dozens of them were sentenced to long prison sentences, even more to the sentence “community service”, a period of several months up to 2 or more years.
Collective punishment eviction
What is particularly interesting is the fact that about 115 families with about 777 members, condemned the “collective punishment” – the eviction, which is an unprecedented case of such sanctions for the whole period of communist rule throughout Yugoslavia.
Although for that there was no statutory and legal basis, nor is the existing legislation Federal Republic of Yugoslavia did some regulation would provide for criminal punishment “collective relocation” of entire families, after a trial of these 115 families, mostly Muslims with a total of 777 members (including women, children and the elderly) collectively were evicted from the area of Cazin and Kladusa municipality (where he lived for over 90% Muslim population) to the municipality significant name – Srbac (where he lived for over 90% of the Orthodox Serbian population).
This measure of collective eviction, where the minor children were punished for “sins” of their fathers was otherwise only comparable with similar “criminal actions” of Stalin in the USSR directed against entire nations, such as Chechens, Crimean Tatars and others., which are collectively expelled from their homes and relocated to other locations, and some on that occasion and completely disappeared.
Cazin rebellion strongly marked the lives of many local families, ordered uncertain and difficult economic development of this region and caused a series of problems that have many families and their descendants had to carry through life.
Buna was taboo until 1991, when it saw the light of day book “Cazin rebellion in 1950” by Vera Kržišnik Bukić, which is elaborated in detail in this event. This book, promoted just 16 years after its release, had its second edition of “Cazinska own well from truth to justice” and in the opinion of experts, Vera Kržišnik-Bukić compiled a concise scientific work in which are gathered all the facts related to this event.
“It was a social revolt to existential extremes exploited peasants who rose up against the hated and unjust totalitarian agricultural policy of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia and its even more rigid implementation on the ground. It was a time in intolerant burden that is already poor farmers imposed by the state in the form of disproportionate big benefits of agricultural and livestock products through mandatory redemption at the same time forcing them to work for the planned needs in the mines, construction of roads and other through the so-called. the mobilization of the workforce when and how this country should have. Then, especially from 1949 onwards, forcing farmers to are included in the peasant producer cooperatives, which are accounted for them grab their own property, and with all that 1950 was also the year of the big barn and is still popularly known as the “hungry years”, she said in a short interview for Klix.ba Kržišnik-Bukić.
Today and in the Krajina rebels openly story, but it still hides many undiscovered things and specificity, given the consequences and suffering caused by this event, which dates back to the present generation Krajisnik.
The Municipal Council of Cazin in 2011 passed a resolution condemning the massive violations of human rights of the civilian population in the Cazin Krajina in 1950 and crimes committed by the totalitarian regime of the former Yugoslavia. Resolution 2013 was confirmed by the Assembly of USC, and the same was provided and more instances of the state.